Bridges in Japan, especially those managed by municipalities, deteriorate over time. Due to lack of civil engineers in municipalities, appropriate and automated assistance for degradation judgement is thought to be important for the concerned authorities. Automated judgement systems for some types of damage (e.g. cracks) started to be developed by geometrical approaches. Yet, there is no comprehensive method to detect more complicated types of damage, such as delamination, for regular inspection. This research aims to develop a delamination-detection system which identifies the location of the damage. Images with delaminated parts were provided by Niigata Prefecture (in Japan), and annotation of the location of delamination and/or rebar exposure was conducted. Fully Convolutional Network (FCN), one of the deep learning networks for pixel-to-pixel segmentation, was used to detect the areas of the delamination and rebar exposure. The result of the training aided by FCN showed a good agreement with the result with the naked eye. The soundness, judged based on the FCN result according to the inspection code of Niigata Prefecture, was close to the soundness judgement at the site. These outcomes support the reliability of the system to detect delamination and rebar exposure in manual inspection, and this technology is expected to be used in bridges’ inspection at municipalities, which have a lack of inspection engineers.
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Development of Delamination Detection System for Concrete Decks by Using Convolutional Neural Network
Published: 28 May 2018 by MDPI in The Eighteenth International Conference of Experimental Mechanics session ICEM 2018
Keywords: Damage Detection; Delamination; Regular Inspection; Machine Learning; Fully Convolutional Network