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Research and Development of A Low Cost Smart Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Device Using Locally Available Raw Material for Cardiac Arrest Patients
1  North South University University


Cardiovascular disease is the main worldwide reason for death, representing 17.3 million deaths for each year, a number that is expected to cross more than 23.6 million by 2030. In 2008, cardiovascular deaths accounted for 30 percent of every single worldwide demise, with 80 percent of those passing occurring in low and middle income nations. Cardiovascular diseases can cause the heart beat to stop. Somebody can quit breathing as well as have heart failure from heart attack, strokes (when the blood stream to a piece of the brain abruptly stops),choking on something, close suffocating occurrences (when somebody is submerged for a really long time and stops breathing),a terrible neck, head, or back damage, extreme electrical stuns (like from touching a power line),being exceptionally wiped out from a genuine disease, an excessive amount of dying, serious unfavorably susceptible responses and gulping a medication or synthetic. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a lifesaving medical procedure that is mainly applied to cardiac arrest victims. Keeping in mind the end goal to restart the heart, the well known technique is CPR. If a person suffers from cardiac arrests than immediate treatment like CPR with chest compressions and artificial ventilation along with defibrillation is very likely to vastly improve the patient’s chance of survival. Traditionally CPR is performed manually. Manual CPR is performed by applying external chest compressions followed by artificial ventilation. It helps to pump blood around the person's body when their heart can’t. To carry out CPR a person presses up and down on the casualty’s chest (chest compressions) and gives them a series of rescue breaths to help save their life when they are in cardiac arrest. Problems we face in performing manual CPR are that we're not focusing on training the people who most need to be trained. Also in Bangladesh most of our ambulance personnel don’t have the professional experience to provide CPR. The technique most commonly taught is something that the vast majority cannot perform for ten minutes. Many of the people who will be called upon to perform CPR weigh too little to perform 2" chest compression on a chest of average stiffness. Manual CPR is sometime not possible to continue perfectly. In abroad there are automated CPR device but they are very expensive as like from USD 15000 to USD 20000. This paper design and discuss a low cost cardio pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) device using locally available raw material for cardiac arrest patients. This CPR is automated, portable and it has multi functional features. This is very cost effective product and people can easily afford to buy it. The unit price of this CPR is USD 500. In our country ambulance can have this device as well as hospitals. This device is very user friendly and anyone with basic educational knowledge can operate it. It will increase the life expectancy of the patients of cardiovascular disease.

Keywords: Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), Low Cost, Automated CPR, Manual CPR, Cardiac Patients, Multifunction.