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Reduced graphene oxide filtration membranes for dye removal – production and characterization
* 1 , 1 , 1 , 1 , 1 , 2 , 1
1  Instituto Militar de Engenharia - IME
2  Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro - PUC-Rio


Dye removal from manufacturing and textile industry wastewater is one of biggest challenges in plants. The improper disposal of water with residual dyes can contaminate effluents and fresh water sources. In this work, filtration membranes based on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) were fabricated by spray coating method, and its capability to remove dyes from water was evaluated. Graphene oxide was prepared by modified Hummers method and posteriorly reduced with ascorbic acid; a simple and fast spray coating fabrication method was employed to produce stable membranes, which were analyzed in a home-made permeation cell. Raman spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was able to prove that rGO dispersion was formed by graphene flakes with about 45.9 μm of lateral dimension; X-ray diffraction, SEM and Raman analyses indicate that spray method was efficient in producing stable and uniform filtration membranes; UV-vis absorption spectra of feed and permeation solution indicate that rGO membranes was capable in removing dye from water. By the main results, it is possible to affirm that rGO filtration membranes are an efficient, low-cost, scalable and fast way to treat dyes from wastewater.

Keywords: Keywords: reduced graphene oxide; filtration; membranes; dye removal