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ZnBr2 functionalized ionic liquid: An efficient solvent and catalyst for the facile synthesis of 1-benzamino-1,4-dihydropyridine
Hamid Reza Esmaili Zand, Maede Kazemnezhad Leili, Hossein Ghafuri *
1  Iran university of science and technology

10.3390/ecsoc-23-06459
Abstract:

Ionic liquids (ILs) are mostly composed of organic cations and organic/inorganic anions. One of the most important classes of ILs are imidazolium ILs. [1]. The hydrophilicity and hydrophobicity of ILs are regbenzohydrazidularly influenced by the length of alkyl side chain of cation. According to this effect, better hydrophilicity comes from a shorter alkyl side chain and on the contrary, better hydrophobicity comes from a lengthier alkyl side chain of cation. Typical ILs have exceptional properties. Most ILs are stable at about 300 oC in the liquid state at normal conditions. Due to the exceptional properties of ILs, they have been used in diverse industries including batteries and fuels. As solvents, ILs have been employed in many chemical fields. Solubilities of ILs with organic/inorganic species are completely satisfactory. Here, by N-methyl imidazole (Im), 1,3-dibromopropane, triethanolamine (TEA), and ZnBr2, new ionic liquid (TEA-Im-Zn) was synthesized and used as catalyst and solvent in the synthesis of functionalized 1-benzamino-1,4-dihydropyridine using aromatic aldehyde, malononitrile, triethylamine, arylamine and dialkyl acetylenedicarboxylate.

Keywords: Ionic liquid; 1,4-dihydropyridines; catalyst
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