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293 Experimental Analysis of CFRP Strengthened Reinforced Concrete Slabs Loaded by Two Independent Explosions
* 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 4
1  Ph-D student
2  Professor at Ghent University (Magnel Laboratory for Concrete Research)
3  Researcher at the Royal Military Academy (Military & Protective Engineering Department)
4  Professor at the Royal Military Academy of Brussels (Military & Protective Engineering Department)


The use of carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) as externally bonded reinforcement (EBR) for strengthening reinforced concrete (RC) structures loaded by a blast wave is confirmed as an efficient solution. This observation is complementary to other advantages of CFRP such as high tensile strength, light weight and durability. This paper discusses the behavior of CFRP as EBR in case two successive independent blast loads are applied on the same target. Main problems are the lack of knowledge regarding the failure modes of the CFRP strips under high strain rate and the blast response of the retrofitted structures when total debonding of the CFRP strips occurs. Four simply supported slabs with different EBR but with the same bond contact surface are tested using an explosive driven shock tube (EDST) to generate the blast wave. Digital image correlation (DIC) is used to measure the strain evolution in the concrete and the CFRP strips during the first explosion. The results show that for the first explosion, EBR increases the flexural strength and stiffness of the RC slabs. In the second explosion, total debonding of the CFRP strips occurs which initiates from the midspan of the slabs towards the supports; when the total debonding of the CFRP strips occurs, the strain distribution in the steel rebars are the same for all slabs regardless of the quantity of applied EBR.

Keywords: Carbon fiber; Blast loading; RC slabs; Debonding; Two independent explosions;