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The nexus between climate change, ecosystem services and human health: Towards a conceptual framework.
Aline Chiabai 1 , Sonia Quiroga 2 , Pablo Martínez-Juárez 2 , Sahran Higgins, 3 Tim Taylor 3
1  BC3-Basque Centre for Climate Change, Bilbao, Spain
2  Department of Economics, Universidad de Alcalá, Spain
3  European Centre for the Environment and Human Health, University of Exeter Medical School, United Kingdom

Published: 24 April 2018 by Elsevier BV in Science of The Total Environment
Elsevier BV, Volume 635; 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.03.323
Abstract: This paper addresses the impact that changes in natural ecosystems can have on health and wellbeing focusing on the potential co-benefits that green spaces could provide when introduced as climate change adaptation measures. Ignoring such benefits could lead to sub-optimal planning and decision-making. A conceptual framework, building on the ecosystem-enriched Driver, Pressure, State, Exposure, Effect, Action model (eDPSEEA), is presented to aid in clarifying the relational structure between green spaces and human health, taking climate change as the key driver. The study has the double intention of (i) summarising the literature with a special emphasis on the ecosystem and health perspectives, as well as the main theories behind these impacts, and (ii) modelling these findings into a framework that allows for multidisciplinary approaches to the underlying relations between human health and green spaces. The paper shows that while the literature based on the ecosystem perspective presents a well-documented association between climate, health and green spaces, the literature using a health-based perspective presents mixed evidence in some cases. The role of contextual factors and the exposure mechanism are rarely addressed. The proposed framework could serve as a multidisciplinary knowledge platform for multi-perspecitve analysis and discussion among experts and stakeholders, as well as to support the operationalization of quantitative assessment and modelling exercises.
Keywords: adaptation, Contextual factors, green spaces, ecosystem-based adaptation, eDPSEEA
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