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Audrey Mayer   Professor  University Lecturer 
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Audrey Mayer published an article in January 2018.
Top co-authors See all
Juan Gabriel Brida

93 shared publications

Free University of Bolzano

Heriberto Cabezas

82 shared publications

Thomas M. Brooks

70 shared publications

Rodrigo Medeiros

52 shared publications

Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro

Arnaldo Walter

35 shared publications

University of Campinas (UNICAMP)

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Distribution of Articles published per year 
(1998 - 2018)
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27
 
Publications See all
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Uncovering Discursive Framings of the Bangladesh Shipbreaking Industry S. M. Mizanur Rahman, Chelsea Schelly, Audrey Mayer, Emma No... Published: 19 January 2018
Social Sciences, doi: 10.3390/socsci7010014
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Shipbreaking in the Chittagong region of Bangladesh supplies metal to meet the needs of the nation’s construction sector. The shipbreaking industry has received international attention for environmental contamination and workers’ insecurity. However, these issues have been framed without considering the actors that produce them and their associated motives. This paper illuminates the conflicting discourses regarding the industry between two divergent groups of actors. On the one hand, national and international NGOs collaborate to enforce a discourse focused on negative localized impacts. On the other hand, yard owners, yard workers, and local community members forge a counter discourse, focused on positive localized impacts and raising doubts about the origin of the environmental pollutants and occupational standards setting. National and international actors have so far missed the conflicting perspective of workers, yard owners, locals and NGOs. We contend that these divergent discourses involve scalar politics, with one discursive frame focused on localized impacts in order to leverage global resources, while the other situates local communities in the global world system; this confounding of scale leads to ineffective policy formulation. This shipbreaking case study provides a valuable lesson on the importance of listening to and including stakeholders at multiple scales when seeking policies to address localized impacts of a globalized industry.
Article 0 Reads 1 Citation Life cycle assessment of steel in the ship recycling industry in Bangladesh S.M. Mizanur Rahman, Robert M. Handler, Audrey L. Mayer Published: 01 November 2016
Journal of Cleaner Production, doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.07.014
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The ship recycling industry in Bangladesh provides necessary scrap metal for domestic steel products, such as rebar for construction. These recycled products may represent a dramatic reduction in energy consumption and ecological footprint when compared to production from virgin iron ore. A life cycle assessment approach is used to evaluate energy use and emissions, from when the ships is transported from the originating country for dismantling of retired ships in Chittagong, to the end recyclers (rerolling mills and light engineering shops) in Dhaka. The secondary rebar produced from the scraps saves 16.5 GJ of primary energy per ton of rebar and 1965 kg of CO2eq greenhouse gas emissions per ton of rebar when compared to primary rebar. This study compared different unit operations of steel scrap processing to assess their relative environmental impacts, including Global Warming Potential (GWP), resource use in terms of MJ primary energy, human health, and ecosystem quality. Although it is considered sustainable in terms of energy savings and greenhouse gas emissions reduction, ship recycling has other adverse impacts on humans and the environment, as indicated by the other impact assessment metrics.
Article 0 Reads 2 Citations Policy compliance recommendations for international shipbreaking treaties for Bangladesh S.M. Mizanur Rahman, Audrey L. Mayer Published: 01 November 2016
Marine Policy, doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2016.07.012
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Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Use of a participatory approach to develop a regional assessment tool for bioenergy production Ashma Vaidya, Audrey L. Mayer Published: 01 November 2016
Biomass and Bioenergy, doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2016.08.001
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Article 0 Reads 2 Citations Hybridization, agency discretion, and implementation of the US Endangered Species Act Jennifer F. Lind-Riehl, Audrey L. Mayer, Adam M. Wellstead, ... Published: 25 October 2016
Conservation Biology, doi: 10.1111/cobi.12747
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The United States (US) Endangered Species Act (ESA) requires that the “best available scientific and commercial data” be used to protect imperiled species from extinction and preserve biodiversity. However, it does not provide specific guidance on how to apply this mandate. Scientific data can be uncertain and controversial, particularly regarding species delineation and hybridization issues. The US Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) had an evolving Hybrid Policy to guide protection decisions for individuals of hybrid origin; however at present it is in limbo due to conservation controversies caused by the policy. FWS biologists must interpret and apply the best available science to their recommendations, and likely use considerable discretion in making recommendations for what species to list, how to define those species, and how to recover them. We used semi-structured interviews to collect data on FWS biologists’ use of discretion to make recommendations for listed species with hybridization issues. These biologists have a large amount of discretion to determine the best available science and how to interpret it, but generally defer to the scientific consensus on the taxonomic status of an organism. Hybridization was viewed primarily as a problem in the context of the ESA, although biologists who had experience with hybridization issues were more likely to describe it in more nuanced terms. Many interviewees expressed a desire to continue the current case-by-case approach for handling hybridization issues, but some would appreciate more guidance on procedures (a “flexible” hybrid policy). Field level information can provide critical insight into which policies are working (or not working) and why. FWS biologists’ high level of discretion and its impact on ESA implementation fits the “street level bureaucrat” model offering a new case study for this area of research.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved
Article 0 Reads 2 Citations How Landscape Ecology Informs Global Land-Change Science and Policy Audrey L. Mayer, Brian Buma, Amélie Davis, Sara A. Gagné, E.... Published: 27 April 2016
BioScience, doi: 10.1093/biosci/biw035
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Landscape ecology is a discipline that explicitly considers the influence of time and space on the environmental patterns we observe and the processes that create them. Although many of the topics studied in landscape ecology have public policy implications, three are of particular concern: climate change; land use–land cover change (LULCC); and a particular type of LULCC, urbanization. These processes are interrelated, because LULCC is driven by both human activities (e.g., agricultural expansion and urban sprawl) and climate change (e.g., desertification). Climate change, in turn, will affect the way humans use landscapes. Interactions among these drivers of ecosystem change can have destabilizing and accelerating feedback, with consequences for human societies from local to global scales. These challenges require landscape ecologists to engage policymakers and practitioners in seeking long-term solutions, informed by an understanding of opportunities to mitigate the impacts of anthropogenic drivers on ecosystems and adapt to new ecological realities.