Distribution of Articles published per year
(2012 - 2018)
(2012 - 2018)
Total number of journals
Article 3 Reads 1 Citation Decline in climate resilience of European wheat Published: 24 December 2018
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1804387115
Food security under climate change depends on the yield performance of staple food crops. We found a decline in the climate resilience of European wheat in most countries during the last 5 to 15 y, depending on the country. The yield responses of all the cultivars to different weather events were relatively similar within northern and central Europe, within southern European countries, and specifically regarding durum wheat. We also found serious Europe-wide gaps in wheat resilience, especially regarding yield performance under abundant rain. Climate resilience is currently not receiving the attention it deserves by breeders, seed and wheat traders, and farmers. Consequently, the results provide insights into the required learning tools, economic incentives, and role of public actors.
Article 0 Reads 4 Citations Shifts in soil–climate combination deserve attention Published: 01 March 2017
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.12.017
In addition to causing shifts in regional climate, climate change will also affect the combination of climatic conditions and dominant soil type. This may be reflected in crop responses; however, currently, empirical knowledge in this regard is limited. We hypothesised that 1) the weather patterns most influencing forage crop yield variation vary among soil types 2) the yield responses of forage crop species and cultivars to agro-climatic variables depend on soil type, and 3) response diversity of the forage crop species and cultivars to agro-climatic factors depends on soil type. To assess these assumptions, we utilized the Finnish long-term multi-location Official Variety Trial and weather data for 1979–2012 as a case study. The yield responses of timothy (Phleum pratense L.), meadow fescue (Festuca pratensis Huds.), tall fescue (Lolium arundinaceum (Schreb)/Festuca arundinacea (Schreb)), Festulolium (Festuca sp. × Lolium sp.), red clover (Trifolium pratense L.), and Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum L.) to the critical agro-climatic variables depended in most cases on whether the trials were located on clay, coarse mineral, or organic soils. The average yield response to weather was 10% in clay and organic soils and 8% in coarse mineral soils. The diversity of forage crop responses was also dependent on soil type. The demonstrated dependency of crop responses to climate change on soil type emphasizes that attention should be paid to the plausible shifts in soil–climate combinations when planning adaptation.
Article 6 Reads 0 Citations No Evidence of Trade-Off between Farm Efficiency and Resilience: Dependence of Resource-Use Efficiency on Land-Use Diver... Published: 23 September 2016
PLOS ONE, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0162736
Efficiency in the use of resources stream-lined for expected conditions could lead to reduced system diversity and consequently endanger resilience. We tested the hypothesis of a trade-off between farm resource-use efficiency and land-use diversity. We applied stochastic frontier production models to assess the dependence of resource-use-efficiency on land-use diversity as illustrated by the Shannon-Weaver index. Total revenue in relation to use of capital, land and labour on the farms in Southern Finland with a size exceeding 30 ha was studied. The data were extracted from the Finnish Profitability Bookkeeping data. Our results indicate that there is either no trade-off or a negligible trade-off of no economic importance. The small dependence of resource-use efficiency on land-use diversity can be positive as well as negative. We conclude that diversification as a strategy to enhance farm resilience does not necessarily constrain resource-use efficiency.
Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Codesigning a resilient food system Published: 01 January 2016
Ecology and Society, doi: 10.5751/ES-08878-210441
Article 0 Reads 6 Citations Managing resilience of forage crops to climate change through response diversity Published: 01 November 2015
Field Crops Research, doi: 10.1016/j.fcr.2015.07.006
Article 0 Reads 4 Citations Crop responses to climate and socioeconomic change in northern regions Published: 27 April 2012
Regional Environmental Change, doi: 10.1007/s10113-012-0308-3