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(2007 - 2017)
(2007 - 2017)
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Article 1 Read 0 Citations Genetic Traits of Relevance to Sustainability of Smallholder Sheep Farming Systems in South Africa Published: 28 July 2017
Sustainability, doi: 10.3390/su9081225
Sustainable livestock production is important to ensure continuous availability of resources for future generations. Most smallholder livestock farming systems in developing countries have been perceived to be environmentally, socially and economically unsustainable. Farming with livestock that is robust and adaptable to harsh environments is important in developing countries especially in semi-arid and arid environments. This review discusses the different sheep farming systems employed by smallholder farmers and associated sustainability problems facing them. The review also gives an overview of sustainability indicators and limitations to the sustainability for the different smallholder sheep production systems in South Africa. It is argued that genetic diversity is important for sustainability and needs to be maintained in sheep for sustainable production and reproduction performance. The application of traditional breeding and genomics to ensure sustainable production is explored. Animal breeding approaches, specifically genomics can be applied to improve areas of environmental sustainability of smallholder sheep farming systems but must be targeted to the specific production environments, challenges, and opportunities of smallholder production. The genetic traits important for sustainability, the role of genomics in improving these traits and linking these genetic traits to different farming systems in South Africa are discussed.
Article 1 Read 1 Citation Climate change adaptation and mitigation in smallholder crop–livestock systems in sub-Saharan Africa: a call for integra... Published: 02 April 2016
Regional Environmental Change, doi: 10.1007/s10113-016-0957-8
Article 1 Read 2 Citations Intensification to Reduce the Carbon Footprint of Smallholder Milk Production: Fact or Fiction? Published: 01 March 2016
Outlook on Agriculture, doi: 10.5367/oa.2016.0229
Will the intensification of cattle-keeping lower the carbon footprint of milk production in resource-poor environments? The authors included the multiple functions of cattle in carbon footprint estimates of milk production in farming systems with different degrees of intensification in Kenya. The carbon footprints (measured in kg CO2 equivalents per kg of milk) of free-grazing with 2.6 cows (1.8 kg) and zero-grazing with 1.5 cows (1.3 kg) on smallholder farms were only slightly higher or at the same level as on large farms with 13.6 cows (1.1 kg) and on a very large farm with 107 cows (1.3 kg). These carbon footprints were comparable with those of milk producers in developed regions. Better feeding is often suggested as a climate change mitigation option; however, only small-step feed improvements can be made. In the debate on intensification as a major strategy to reduce the carbon footprint of milk production, the opportunities are overestimated and constraints for changes in smallholder farming are underestimated.
REPORT 1 Read 0 Citations Sustainable intensification pathways fordairy farming in Kenya : a case study for PROIntensAfricaWP2, Deliverable 2.3 Published: 01 January 2016
Article 1 Read 5 Citations Care farms as a short-break service for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders ☆ Published: 01 March 2012
NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences, doi: 10.1016/j.njas.2012.01.001
Farms are enjoying an increasing popularity as a short-break service for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs). The characteristics required on such care farms are currently unknown. To identify these characteristics, farmers of seven Dutch care farms with livestock were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire. These farmers play a key role in care by offering structure, clarity and attention to ASD-children. They use a variety of farm animals with the children, as icebreakers, co-therapists or transitional objects. Our main conclusion is that for children with ASDs, visiting care farms forms an important addition to the current short-break opportunities. At the same time, the farmers expressed needs related to the quality of care, which could be improved by offering them special training. Highlights► Farms can offer a good short break service for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. ► Farmer characteristics play an essential role. ► A safe and quiet environment is important. ► ASD-children like to interact with farm animals. ► Not all kinds of animals are suitable.
BOOK-CHAPTER 1 Read 0 Citations Action research in a regional development setting: students as boundary workers in a learning multi-actor network Published: 01 January 2011
Knowledge in action, doi: 10.3920/978-90-8686-724-0_6
The educational experimental project ‘Bridge to the Future’, which took place between 2002 and 2007, aimed primarily at supporting the regional development process by action- oriented student research. The second aim was to develop students’ roles as boundary workers in the co-creation of knowledge in a regional setting. Our basic assumption, like Gaventa and Cornwall (2001), is that collaborative research is empowering and innovative because it links science and society in such a way that it involves peoples’ own critical reflection and learning. Actors’ roles need to be redefined during this process. This causes uncertainty which needs coaching and facilitation. The ‘Bridge to the Future’ project started with a kick-off meeting in the area with regional stakeholders, students, supervisors and a project leader. The integrated research question developed there represented the complexity of the regional issues and provided an interdisciplinary starting point for the students who had to conduct their thesis-research in the framework of the collaborative project. As such the research question became a boundary object, which created possibilities for communication, interaction, learning and reflection. During monthly meetings different viewpoints were exchanged and discussed in a multi-stakeholder setting, which slowly developed into a learning community, providing a base and network for regional actors to develop plans collaboratively. As boundary workers the students and their research empowered the people from the area and provided a stronger sense of identity. Important impact of the project in the area is a LEADER network, rural art and rural tourism projects, international exchange visits and the actual development of biomass installations. We conclude that collaborative landscape research can be valuable if actors learn to take on new roles, are supported in creating boundary objects, organise reflection and are able to develop new knowledge, for sustainable development and the management of landscapes.